In so many ways, our smartphones make elements of our lives easier and more convenient, putting the world at our fingertips at a moment’s notice. But as we turn to our phones more often to connect, learn about the world and simply occupy downtime these technological tools have a downside.
As we spend time looking down at our phones, we’re often bending our heads forward, slouching and rolling our shoulders forward, sometimes for long periods of time. When repeated and sustained, this can lead to pain in the neck and shoulders as well as injury to the spine, which over time can cause permanent damage.
According to recent studies, the average person in the U.S. spends 2.8 hours bent in what some have begun to refer to as “text neck” or “iPosture,” the slouched stance many take while staring at the tiny to mid-sized screens of smartphones and tablets. Though the average head weighs between 10 and 12 pounds, the effective stress put on our necks increases the more our heads tilt forward – from 27 pounds at a 15-degree tilt to 60 pounds with a 60-degree forward bend.
“That’s excess strain about the cervical spine over hundreds of hours a year,” said Swan. “This can cause head pain, neck pain, pain in the arms, and even numbness. Such strain, numbness, and weakness can carry over into your everyday posture as you sit, stand, work and exercise. It can also lead to disc degeneration, herniation, osteoarthritis, and the rounding of the shoulders.”
Swan says that those experiencing such pain and discomfort over a period of time should be evaluated by a licensed physical therapist. As specialists in strength and movement, a physical therapist can identify musculoskeletal weaknesses and work to help you achieve better balance and posture within your routine.
In this spirit – and since smartphones and tablets won’t be going away anytime soon – Swan offers the following advice for preventing pain and injury when making use of such technologies:
The eyes have it
When looking at and using your smartphone, always hold it up to eye level. By preventing the need the tilt your head forward, you’re choosing not to put additional strain on the spine.
Keep the chin in
Jutting your chin out toward your phone, which is common when using such a device, you’re also adding strain to the neck and shoulders. So keep your chin up … and in.
Stand a little help
If you often use a larger tablet, laptop or hybrid of the two, don’t hold it up to eye level. Use a stand to do the lifting for you.
To learn more about posture and to get an assessment of your own posture habits, contact your local physical therapist.